Dengue Fever: Cause, Symptoms, & Prevention

Category: Health


Here we’ll discuss this diseases along with its cause, symptoms & prevention. Dengue is a mosquito-related infectious disease which is caused by several virus, but it is spread by mosquito. In this patient experience high fever which sometimes causes severe joint or muscle pain.

CDC, i.e., Centers For Disease Control & Prevention said that every year more than 400 million people get infected by Dengue fever. This infectious disease is rare in the United States (U.S.), but still, around 100 cases are registered each year. Hence it is an epidemic disease. Currently, there is no vaccine for Dengue fever.

Causes Of Dengue Fever

This disease is caused by DENV virus, and it is spread by mosquito known as Aedes aegypti and rarely spread by the Aedes albopictus mosquito. The Dengue fever-causing illnesses jumped from monkeys to human. According to the Centers For Disease Control & Prevention, the Dengue fever was minor problem untilled the middle of the twentieth century.

When the mosquito (Aedes aegypti) bites the infected person, it becomes infected and carries the DENV virus in its blood when the infected mosquito again bites any healthy person it left the Dengue fever-causing virus in the blood of the healthy person. It might be possible that a person experiences Dengue fever more than once. The 2nd infection may be dangerous.

Dengue Fever Symptoms

The symptoms of the Dengue fever varies person to person someone may not experience any symptoms; some may take 4-14 days to get completely recover. Some of the main symptoms of Dengue Fever is discussed below:

  1. High Fever

  2. Severe joint and muscle pain.

  3. May experience pain behind the eyes

  4. A severe headache

  5. May experience bleeding from the nose or gum

Prevention Of Dengue Fever

The role of preventive measures increases because as we know, there is no vaccine for this disease. Like all the waterborne diseases Dengue fever can also be avoided by avoiding mosquito or by drinking purified water. Hence install a water purification system. Here are some others preventive measures:

  • Cover your body like wear a long-sleeved shirt, long paint, etc.

  • Use mosquito netting or other methods to avoid the mosquito bite

  • Don’t give place to mosquito to breed inside or outside your house

Dengue Fever can be treated, but one should take proper care; otherwise, it can be fatal. If you experience any complication than immediately contact the medical professionals or Doctor so that you can to get appropriate medical attention.

Diagnosis Of Dengue Fever

Most of the time the diagnosis of Dengue fever get late because its symptoms are like other waterborne diseases such as Typhoid, malaria, etc. The Dengue fever test is done by blood testing in which the medical professional check for the antibody produced by the DENV virus. Now the big question is that when to consult a doctor. If you experience any of the above-listed symptoms, then you must contact medical professionals so that you can get medical treatment on an urgent basis.

Frequently Asked Questions

The most common sign & symptoms of dengue fever in

  • Nausea
  • Rash
  • Aches

pain like eye pain, muscle, joint, bone pain

The typical dengue fever is fatal in less than 1% of cases. However, dengue hemorrhagic fever is fatal in 2.5% of cases. So, Yes, taking timely treatment will help you to survive.
In this, blood vessels get damaged. As a result, the number of clot-forming cells (platelets) levels decrease in your bloodstream. This may lead to shock, internal bleeding, organ failure, and even death.
Dengue is most unlikely to transmit via human saliva. So, dengue doesn’t transmit by kissing.
After being bitten by an infected mosquito, a person will develop viremia. The viremia usually lasts for 5 days, but this may last up to 12 days in some cases.